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Types of Employee Testing

US Drug Test Centers is a nationwide drug and alcohol testing company that provides complete workplace testing programs. We offer a number of workplace testing services, including instant urine drug testing, lab-based urine drug testing, hair drug testing, and alcohol/EtG testing.

Once you have started your drug-free workplace program with US Drug Test Centers, you will receive access to our cloud-based software that allows you to order a drug or alcohol test at any one of our 20,000+ locations nationwide, 24/7.

Here's further information on the different types of drug and alcohol testing we offer.

Instant and Urine Drug Testing

Employers in Nevada, Florida, Texas, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Maine, Nebraska, South Dakota, and other states are using instant drug testing, or point of collection testing (POCT), for their pre-employment and random drug and alcohol screening programs.

Employer programs can be set up so that the designated employer representative can electronically order the instant drug test for a candidate located anywhere in the country, and an e-mail order form is sent to the candidate. Express Results Online is an instant, online, urine drug testing solution from Quest Diagnostics specially designed for employers who need to make fast, informed business decisions based upon the results of their drug tests. LabCorp performs rapid tests at most of its specimen collection labs nationwide. LabCorp's rapid test process, or RADAR, program involves the collector running an initial screen on-site at the point of collection.

If instant urine drug testing is not available in your area, we can set up your company with a urine lab-based drug test with an MRO (Medical Review Officer) review. These tests can be scheduled electronically, and negative results normally come back within 24-48 business hours.

Employer Benefits With Instant Drug Testing

  • Results within hours for negative results
  • Increased worker productivity: reduces testing time, getting employees back to work
  • Reduced employment costs: decreases absenteeism due to substance abuse
  • Shortened hiring cycle: eliminates 2-3 day delay in hiring prospective employees
  • Reduced drug testing program costs; ask for a discount when using an instant drug testing program

Hair Drug Testing for Employers

Many employers are looking at hair follicle drug testing for pre-employment and random drug and alcohol testing programs. This type of testing including multiple advantages, like:

  • Collecting the hair specimen is always observed
  • It has a longer detection window
  • It can be used to measure chronic drug use
  • Convenient shipping and storage
  • Noninvasive specimen collection
  • More difficult to adulterate than urine drug testing

Some of the larger trucking companies in the United States are conducting hair follicle drug testing in addition to the required DOT 5 panel urine drug test. Those companies are quoting studies that show urinalysis alone is often less effective in detecting substance abuse, with only a 2-3 day window of detection. Hair testing, in contrast, provides up to a 90-day window to detect substance abuse. Between the longer detecting window and the accuracy of hair testing, it returns twice the number of positive drug test results as urinalysis drug screening.

Flexibility in specimen options is a benefit to employers to effectively manage their drug and alcohol screening and drug-free workplace programs. There are situations where a hair drug test might be more appropriate. Employers should always check with legal counsel before making changes or implementing a drug-free workplace policy.

The following states and cities have prohibitions against employment hair testing:

  • Hawaii
  • Iowa
  • City of San Francisco
  • Maine
  • Montana
  • Nebraska

Alcohol Testing for Workplace Programs

Breath Alcohol Testing

Many of our facilities maintain breath alcohol technicians (BATs) to perform breath alcohol testing. Same-day results are always available for breath alcohol testing. All positive results are reported to employers by phone immediately following testing. A breath alcohol test is the most common test for finding out how much alcohol is currently in the blood.

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) mandates alcohol testing for safety-sensitive positions within the transportation industry (trucks, buses, transit, rail, aviation, etc.). DOT regulations require alcohol testing based on reasonable suspicion, post-accident, return-to-duty, and follow-up. Saliva testing can be used for the initial alcohol screening but any results over .020% need to have a second confirmation test using an evidential breath alcohol testing device. Compliance experts at US Drug Test Centers can explain the requirements for DOT employee alcohol testing, which are defined in the DOT 49CFR Part 40.

Non-regulated employees may also utilize breath alcohol testing for their drug-free workplace programs. This is highly recommended as opposed to urine alcohol testing. When an employee is suspected of being under the influence of alcohol, a supervisor should take the employee in for the breath alcohol test. Typically companies will test for alcohol when there is reasonable suspicion or in a post-accident drug situation.

Urine Alcohol Testing

A urine alcohol test does not necessarily show current impairment. Because alcohol passes rapidly through the system, urinalysis must be conducted very quickly after alcohol consumption in order to ensure any degree of accuracy. For this reason, urine tests are generally not helpful in detecting alcohol use as opposed to illicit and prescription drug use, which is more easily traced in urine.

Another huge concern in urine alcohol testing is with diabetics. Sugar is frequently present in the urine of diabetics and sometimes transiently present in non-diabetic urine. Most laboratories that conduct urine alcohol testing automatically test for and report the presence of sugar in the urine specimen. When that presence is reported to a Medical Review Officer (MRO), in the vast majority of cases, the MRO overturns the result and reports a negative result because there is no way to definitely know the real source of alcohol in a urine specimen.

pint of beer

US Drug Test Centers does not recommend urine alcohol testing for workplace drug and alcohol testing programs. The following comments contained in the US SAMHSA’s Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) Advisory September 2006 should be noted:

"Currently, the use of an EtG test in determining abstinence lacks sufficient proven specificity for use as primary or sole evidence that an individual prohibited from drinking, in a criminal justice or a regulatory compliance context, has truly been drinking. Legal or disciplinary action based solely on a positive EtG, or other test discussed in this Advisory, is inappropriate and scientifically unsupportable at this time. These tests should currently be considered as potential valuable clinical tools, but their use in forensic settings is premature."

What Kinds Of Drugs Do We Test For?

US Drug Test Centers offers standard drug and alcohol testing panels and customized drug testing panels, available upon request.

  • Breath Alcohol Testing
  • EtG/EtS Alcohol Test
  • 5 panel urine — marijuana, cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, methamphetamines, phencyclidine (PCP)
  • 10 panel urine — marijuana, cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, methamphetamines, phencyclidine (PCP), benzodiazepines, barbiturates, methadone, methaqualone, and propoxyphene
  • 10 panel urine with expanded opiates and OXY — marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, methamphetamines, phencyclidine (PCP), benzodiazepines, barbiturates, methadone, methaqualone, propoxyphene, opiates including codeine, morphine, 6-acetylmorphine (heroin specific metabolite), hydrocodone, hydromorphone, oxycodone, and oxymorphone
  • Hair test – 5 panel
  • Hair test – 5 panel with expanded opiates
  • Other drugs typically added to the standard drug testing panels include tramadol, meperidine, buprenorphine, suboxone, fentanyl, ketamine

Learn more about our many different panels. Don't see the exact one you want? Contact us and we can customize one based on your needs.