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5 Panel Drug Test

5 Panel Drug Test

The 5 panel drug test screens for:

  • Marijuana (THC).
  • Cocaine.
  • Phencyclidine (PCP).
  • Amphetamines (including methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA, MDEA).
  • Opiates (including codeine, morphine, heroin (6-AM)).

When you order the 5 panel drug test through US Drug Test Centers, you get the expanded amphetamines — which means we screen for methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA, and MDEA. Additionally, the opiate testing includes codeine, morphine, and heroin. Having a more expansive panel offers better (and more thorough) protection. As an employer, it’s important to be proactive in protecting your workplace from opioid abuse, as it’s an addiction and epidemic that is costing businesses tens of billions of dollars every year.

Signs of impairment due to PCP include hallucinations, out-of-body experiences, delusions, euphoria, apathy, reduced sensitivity to pain, feelings of invulnerability, and irrationality. It has a high potential for abuse and can lead to both psychological and physical dependence.

Choosing the 5 Panel Drug Test

This testing represents the standard 5 panel drug test used for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) certified laboratories. This is required for United States Department of Transportation (DOT) drug testing, which expanded their drug testing panels to include prescription opioids along with illegal opioids, as of 2018.

5 panel drug tests are the most common drug test panel in the United States and are available with a urine specimen or a hair specimen. Urine collection is the most common choice, although hair drug testing is more accurate and has a longer detection window. For this reason, hair drug testing results in twice the number of positive test results, compared to urine drug testing.

Hair drug testing is especially helpful if you want to determine patterned drug use or abuse over time, as this is something urine tests can’t screen for, due to a shorter detection window.

5 panel drug tests have been around since the 1980s, when workplace drug testing first began in the United States.

Ordering With US Drug Test Centers

Maintaining a drug-free workplace has numerous components, including:

  • Crafting a reliable and thorough drug-free workplace policy.
  • Drug testing pre-employment, at random, after accidents, etc.
  • Managing drug test results.

This isn’t always easy to navigate, but US Drug Test Centers can help you with all of this and more. We will also give you access to our cloud-based drug testing software, which allows you to easily manage all of your company’s information. We have more than 20,000+ locations around the United States, meaning you’re never more than a few miles away from one of our collection sites. We make drug testing fast and easy.

Plus, if your business is part of the Department of Transportation, we’ll make sure you’re compliant with their rules and regulations so that your staff can pass any random drug test with ease.

If you have any questions, contact us today. You can also order your 5 panel drug test online, or any other test of your choosing. Don’t see the panel you want? Call us and we’ll customize one just for you, based on your company and your needs.

Marijuana

Marijuana

Marijuana, the most often used illegal drug in this country, is a product of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. The main active chemical in marijuana is THC. Of roughly 400 chemicals found in the cannabis plant, THC is proven to affect brain the most. The highest concentrations of THC are found in the leaves and flowers. When marijuana smoke is inhaled, THC rapidly passes from the lungs into the bloodstream and is carried to the brain and other organs throughout the body. THC from the marijuana acts on specific receptors in the brain, called cannabinoid receptors, starting off a chain of cellular reactions that finally lead to the euphoria, or "high" that users experience.

Short-term effects of marijuana use include problems with memory and learning; distorted perception; difficulty in thinking and problem-solving; loss of coordination; and increased heart rate, anxiety, and panic attacks.

In the United States, the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) of 1990 classifies marijuana as a Schedule I substance, which has no approved medical use with a high potential for abuse. However, many US states have legalized the use of marijuana for medical and/or recreational use.

Cocaine

Cocaine

Cocaine is a drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a potent brain stimulant and one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. Cocaine can be snorted, rubbed into the gums or dissolved in water and injected. Crack, a derivative of cocaine, can be smoked. It is said that the drug produces a euphoric ‘rush’ and immediate high upon snorting, injecting or smoking that provides a burst of energy and reduced fatigue.

Cocaine is a potent central nervous system stimulant and a local anesthetic. Initially, it brings about extreme energy and restlessness while gradually resulting in tremors, over-sensitivity and spasms. In copious amounts, cocaine can cause fever, unresponsiveness, and difficulty in breathing and unconsciousness. When addicted individuals stop using cocaine, they often become depressed.

Phencyclidine (PCP)

Phencyclidine (PCP)

PCP is a “dissociative” anesthetic. Its’ sedative and anesthetic effects are trance-like. Users claim to experience a feeling of being “out of body” and detached from their environment. PCP can be snorted, smoked, injected or swallowed. It is most commonly sold as a powder or liquid and is applied to a leafy material such as mint, parsley, oregano, tobacco, or marijuana when used for smoking.

Hallucinogens like PCP create altered states of perception and feeling. PCP is sold in a variety of forms including tablets, capsules and colored powders. Depending upon how much and by what method PCP is taken, the effects can last approximately 4–6 hours. It is highly addictive. Street names for PCP: Angel dust, ozone, wack, rocket fuel, and many others.

Amphetamines-methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA, MDEA, Ecstasy

Amphetamines-methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA, MDEA, Ecstasy

Methamphetamine is an addictive stimulant drug that strongly activates certain systems in the brain. These are synthetic, psychoactive drugs with amphetamine-like and hallucinogenic properties. It is closely related chemically to amphetamine, but the central nervous system effects of methamphetamine are greater. Methamphetamine is commonly made in illegal laboratories and has a high potential for abuse and dependence. The drug can be taken orally, injected, or inhaled. Users claim to experience enhanced stimulation of the central nervous system; euphoria; alertness; reduced appetite; and a sense of increased energy and power. Cardiovascular responses to methamphetamines include increased blood pressure and cardiac arrhythmias. More acute responses produce anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations, psychotic behavior, depression, and exhaustion.

Short-term effects can include nervousness and insomnia, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, palpitations, headaches, changes in heart rate and blood pressure (usually elevation of both, but occasionally depression), skin rashes and itching, abdominal pain, weight loss, and digestive problems, psychotic episodes, drug dependence and severe depression upon withdrawal.

Opiates – codeine, morphine, heroin

Opiates – codeine, morphine, heroin

Opiates generally refer to any drug that is derived from the opium poppy, including the natural products, morphine and codeine, and semi-synthetic drugs such as heroin. Opioid is more general, referring to any drug that acts on the opioid receptor.

Opiates are used before or after surgery to control and moderate severe pain by attaching to specific proteins, called opioid receptors, which are found in the brain, spinal cord, and gastrointestinal tract. When these compounds attach to certain opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, they can effectively change the way a person experiences pain. Opiate use often produces drowsiness, constipation, and, depending upon the dosage, depressed breathing. Taking a large single dose may cause severe respiratory depression, coma or death.

Heroin is a highly addictive drug derived from morphine, which affects the brain’s pleasure systems and interferes with the brain’s ability to perceive pain.

Approximate Detection Times for the 5 Panel Drug Test

  • With urine the drug use can be detected after about 1 day
  • With hair the drug use can be detected after about 7 days

Drug Name

Approximate Detection Period



Urine

Hair

Marijuana

Up to 7 days

Up to 90 days

Cocaine

Up to 5 days

Up to 90 days

PCP – Phencyclidine

Up to 7 days

Up to 90 days

Amphetamines

Up to 4 days

Up to 90 days

Opiates

Up to 4 days

Up to 90 days


Five Panel Drug Test – Order Now

If you need a five panel test today, contact US Drug Test Centers. You can order a five panel drug test over the phone at (XXX) XXX-XXXX or right here on our web site. These tests are used by employers, individuals, court systems and other applications.